The vineyards of Azienda Agricola Pala are divided into five areas by the firm. Their distance from the winery varies from 200 metres to ten or so kilometres. The type of grapes grown in each vineyard varies according to the microclimate and type of soil.
Is Crabilis is the name of a limestone-sandy hill completely covered in vines. The name translated from Sardinian means an ancient goat shelter, even if Neolithic times, it was probably the site of a village, as shown by some tools found here.
Crabilis gives its name to our Vermentino, which is the most widely grown grape on this 25-hectare area. The limestone and clay soils are rich in texture at the base and gradual become looser and more sandy - although always with a high gravel content - towards the top, which overlooks a large partof the valley and surrounding countryside since it is located some 220 metres above sea level.
The white grape varieties Vermentino and Nuragus are mainly grown in the south-east and north-east sectors of the hill. The red varieties, Carignano, Monica and Cannonau are grown in the south- and north-west-facing areas as well as on the top.
Is Crabilis is the vineyard farthest from the winery; it is approximately ten kilometres away in the municipality of Ussana.
In ancient times, "tanche" were large fenced sections of land used for agricultural and livestock-breeding purposes. The agricultural origins are revealed by the name S'Arai which, translated from Sardinian, means plough.
It is an area of land covering fifteen hectares, approximately two kilometres from the winery in the municipality of Serdiana, on a hill some 220 metres above sea level. It is south facing and the soil type is clay at the base becoming sandy at the top. This area is where Bovale, Cannonau, Vermentino, Nuragus and Nasco varieties are grown.
In summer, from the top of S'Arai, it is possible to glimpse the green hill of Is Crabilis surrounded by golden fields of wheat.
the small holls is the literal translation of the name of this eight-hectare vineyard. It is located just a short distance from Tanca S'Arai, facing north west to south east, in a semicircle around a hill and overlooked by centuries-old olive groves and a row of cypress trees. The soil here is clay and gravel - ideal for Malvasia di Cagliari, and Chardonnay - but it is also home to our oldest vineyard growing Monica as well as a vineyard for the new Cannonau and Nuragus vines.
Costa Is Arangius
A slope once used to grow oranges in ancient times, which probably gave the name to this five-hectare vineyard meaning "the orange tree coast". The vineyard is east facing and just a short distance from Tanca S'Arai, but at a slightly lower altitude, around 180 metres. This prevalently clay soil is home to the Monica variety.
Soil/coloured sand would seem to be the translation of the name of this piece of land, covering some ten hectares where eight hectares of Vermentino, Cannonau, Bovale and Monica vines are grown. This too is on a hill at an altitude of 180 metres, facing south west and with limestone, clay soil. This is our youngest vineyard and the one closest to our winery at a distance of just two hundred metres.
S'Acqua e Sa Murta - the olive grove
Serdiana is part of the micro-region of Parteolla, a name originating from Partes de Olia, or in other words, the olive tree area, which shows the importance of this area to olive growing in ancient times.
Our olives are grown at Cotte Maccione, the court of Maccione, a five-hectare piece of land that is practically adjacent to the village of Serdiana. This is where Tonda di Cagliari and Pitz'e Carroga olive trees - the oldest varieties in the Cagliari area - are grown. Many of the olive trees are more than one hundred years old and all are grown using the system of tall trunks with vase-shaped foliage.